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Is the Truth Found in Scripture or in Science?

Ver. 1.3.0

The Philosopher and Church Reformer, Twenty-First Century



Experimental science has been around since Galileo (1564-1642), who has been attributed the title of “The Father of Modern Science” when he made a number of observations of planetary motion with his advanced hand-built telescope. His data proved “the 16th century Polish astronomer Copernicus’ suggestion of placing the sun at or near the center of the heavens and giving the earth an orbit equivalent to that which had previously been assigned to the sun. He published his ideas in the great book “De revolutionibus orbium celestial.The first copy was placed in his hands while he lay on his deathbed in 1543. Unknown to Copernicus, a preface had been anonymously added to this book by an officious clergyman, advising readers that the ideas in it were to be construed not literally but merely as hypotheses useful in simplifying the work of astronomers.” i

“The Ptolemy system put the earth at the center of the universe. The centers of planetary orbits were placed at some distance from the center of the earth, and such orbits were called eccentric, and most planets were given small circular orbits around centers which moved in large circles around the earth, and these smaller circles were called epicycles. This system took its name from Claudius Ptolemy, who brought it to completion about 150 A.D. It had been set forth by Hipparchus about three centuries earlier. Although the Ptolemaic system was defended by the followers of Aristotle, in reality it was the much older astronomy of Eudoxus (ca, 408-355 B.C.) to which Aristotle’s statements were originally intended to apply”.ii

The clergy in this time period favored the Ptolemy system of planetary motion, as it featured the earth as the unique and distinguished situation at the center of the universe, which agreed with what the clergy found in the Scriptures. This was also the position of philosophers as well as theologians, who taught that the heavenly bodies were created especially for the use and service of man, and that man was the subject of God’s principal care and concern. Also the Copernican system had the further disadvantage of requiring vast and rapid motions of the earth, which seemed to contradict all common sense and everyday experience.” iii

Galileo completed “Dialogue,” his proof of the Copernicus system of planetary motion, and sought to gain a license to print from Rome, the center of Catholic theology, and was granted permission to print. Printing began in June of 1631, and was completed in February of 1632. In August of 1632, Rome ordered the suspension of sales of “Dialogue.” In October of 1632, Galileo was ordered to Rome to stand trial. The Pope, in June of 1633, ordered rigorous examination; Galileo capitulated and was sentenced to indefinite imprisonment after humiliating abjuration. In December of 1633, he was placed in permanent house arrest and banned from any further publishing of his work. In 1635, the Latin translation of “Dialogue” was published at Strasbourg; an English version was made but not published. Galileo died January 8, 1642. “The Pope forbade the Grand Duke to erect a monument in Galileo’s honor if any word on it would ‘offend the reputation of the Holy Office’.” iv

The father of modern science died while imprisoned under house arrest, sentenced there by the “Holy Office” of Rome, which thought the Scriptures were the absolute truth, and science had to comply with the Scriptures or the science was not only wrong, but an act of heresy, which was a charge equivalent to a felony.

A back of the envelope calculation shows that, in the twenty-first century, modern science has been in use for less than 400 years. The Scriptures date back multiple centuries – greater than twelve centuries, and the New Testament Scriptures for just more than two centuries. The history of man is being rewritten by DNA analysis; similarly, the Scriptures need to be updated to coincide with the physical laws that God has created to keep his universe in good working order. And the church needs to update its theology to coincide with the developments of science and we are not done yet with finding out what God has created in His universe.

The New Deal

The New Deal began on the day of the Pentecost Festival, about fifty days after Jesus’ ascension into Heaven after His resurrection from dying on a Roman cross. The New Deal began with a bang, or as documented, by a ‘strong wind and tongues of fire’.v This was too big a deal for the followers of Jesus to understand. They received this gift of the Holy Spirit and acted in a manner they thought was appropriate, being given the responsibility to bring this New Deal to all Did they get it right? If I were a gambling man, I would bet against them getting it right. For one thing, there is not mention of the Personal Counselor that Jesus sent to us to “Teach us all that we need to know,”vii Tell us what to say.viii . There is some mention of the Holy Spirit telling the Apostles where to go.ix But the New Deal was way over their heads; there was more delivered by Jesus than anyone in this time period could understand. Did the Apostles get it right? Not likely, given the circumstance and knowledge of the time.

The Pentecost Festival Event

In the Book of Acts of the Apostles 1:4 Jesus said, “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about.” Book of Acts of the Apostles 2:1-6 says, “When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages as the Spirit enabled them.
“Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven. When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard them speaking in his own language. Are not all these men who are speaking Galileans? Then how is it that each of us hears them in his own language? …….we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own language! Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, ‘what does this mean?’”

This Pheromone is Difficult to Explain

Sound Waves

Sound waves are like ripples on a smooth pond. Toss in one stone and it will produce ripples on top of the water, going out in expanding circle. Throw two stones, at the same time, into the pond at slightly different positions, and the waves will interfere with each other. Toss ten stones into the pond at the same time at slightly different positions and the waves will be indefinable from each individual stone.

Given the difficulty of overcoming the physics of this situation is not an easy task. If the Apostles were all speaking at once, who could understand the resulting noise? Air waves are like the waves on the pond, only they are three dimensional waves, going out in a spherical manner from the source. The air does not move, but each air molecule pushes against its neighboring molecules until it reaches the ears of the hearer and then the air waves pulse on the ear drum, which the brain converts to sound. If there is no air between the speaker and the listener, there is no air wave and there is no sound produced.

An alternative explanation that allows the laws of physics to apply to this situation is that each Apostle is speaking in their own language and the listeners are hearing what they are speaking in their own language. This would be an easy task for the Holy Spirit to accomplish; the speech of the Galileans is translated by the Holy Spirit into the language of the listener.

The Joshua Problem

Galileo, in the 17th century, had a similar situation with what is known as “The Joshua Problem.” In Galileo’s time, there were two different theories on planetary motion: the Ptolemy theory that the earth rotated about the sun, and the Copernicus theory that the sun rotated about the earth. Though his self-made telescopes, Galileo produced data that proved the Copernicus theory as the correct theory – the earth rotated about the sun.

Galileo was a member in good standing with the Catholic Church, and the Catholic Church had a problem with the Copernicus theory of planetary motion conflicting with the scripture. “The Joshua Problem” comes from Joshua 10:12-13: “On the day the Lord gave the Amorites over to Israel, Joshua said to the Lord in the presence of Israel: ‘O sun stand still over Gibeon, O moon over the Valley of Aijalon.’ So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, till the nation triumphed over its enemies, as it is written in the Book of Jashar. The sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day.” Galileo became known as the first experimental physicist because of his method of using data to prove or disprove a theory. But the resulting physics was in conflict with the Scriptures.

The problem with “The Joshua Problem” is the loss of centripetal force that keeps the earth in rotation about the sun. This is the force that counteracts the gravitational attraction of the earth and the sun. Without this centripetal force, the earth would be pulled into the sun. And if the earth stopped its rotation, how would it restart its rotation? Religion is based on people’s emotions and physics is based on the fundamental laws of physics that God put into place to maintain order in the universe. Galileo argued that the Joshua event happened during the summer solstice, when daylight would be at its maximum. Why would Joshua ask that the sun stand still at midday? Would it not be more plausible that the sun was setting and Joshua saw the time urgency for more daylight? Galileo also argued that using the Copernicus system of planetary motion, the sun would need to stop is own rotation and that would cause the earth, moon and stars to stop their rotation.

In both the Pentecost event and the Joshua event, the laws of physics that God put into place to maintain order in His kingdom, the universe, must be obeyed. “Science is the truth if you believe it or not.” – An Astro Physicist.

Science the Final Voice of Truth

There has been great effort by mankind to make these Scriptures the absolute word of God and the final truth of all matters. In the time of John Newton, (mid-18th century) John and three others founded the Eclectic Society (a select, diverse society not connected to any other group). “The spirit of the society was characterized by the informality of it proceeding, the seriousness of its spiritual discussions, and the commitment of its membership.”x When the Eclectic Society was revived by John Stott in 1955, a requirement that “members must accept the supreme authority of Scripture and avoid arcane theological arguments” was added to the society’s rules. This rule would certainly seriously limit the contribution that science can lend to the understanding of the Gospel that Jesus sent to us.
In reality, God created the physical world and he created the physics that brings order to His universe. Scientists discover how these wonders of the universe work together to bring harmony to His vast creation – the universe.
As this Astro Physicist pointed out, as he showed a photo taken from a spacecraft of the earth as a small dot below the huge rings of Saturn, “We are thinking too small when we concern ourselves only with the events taking place on this planet earth.”

Philosophy’s Contribution to Finding the Truth

Rene` Descartes, a 17th century philosopher, established a method for finding the truth. He wanted to find the truth for himself and not the truths that the religious and political authorities were promoting as the truth. Cutting through all the fog and clouds and eliminating all beliefs and opinions – no matter how many people had these beliefs and opinions – he doubted anything that he knew until he could establish a truth that he could convince himself was the truth. He then built upon these truths and bootstrapped his way to the larger truth.

This method was picked up by other 17th and 18th century philosophers and they became known as the “Enlightenment Philosophers” and began the era of “Reason.” This was the beginning of Modern Philosophy, replacing the Ancient Philosophy of finding the truth by argument and rebuttal.

The “Enlightenment Philosophers” influenced Thomas Jefferson in his writing of the Declaration of Independence from England incorporated the “Rights of Man” established by these Enlightenment philosophers. The English Enlightenment Philosophers influenced the bloodless revolution in England and the French Enlightenment Philosophers the French Revelation. Rene’ Descartes method of finding the truth has become known as “Autonomous Reflection.” A method still used today by CEOs, political leaders to lead their enterprises, research scientists, and whoever else wants to push the extents of the envelope of our knowledge of the truth.xi Jesus told us to find a quiet place like a closet, where one can hear themselves think and “Tell your Father, who is unseen, then your Father, who sees what is done in secret will reward you. …your Father knows what you need before you ask him.” xii

The Book of Genesis

Genesis 4:2 “….Now Abel kept flocks and Cain worked the soil”. In the development of man he was first a hunter and gather and a nomad. The keeping of flocks was a transition from hunter-gatherer to agrarian but since they still lived in tents they were still nomadic. Man did not learn about planting seeds in the soil and growing their own crops until the time that Jericho was forming as the oldest city on the planet. It was this new agrarian life style that allowed man to remain in one place. Therefore the book of Genesis must have been written after the founding of the city of Jericho. We do know that the agrarian life style originated in the Fertile Crescent on the Mediterranean Sea the same area that Abraham was located.

The Evolution of man

The Paleoanthropologists has not been able to link the evolution of ancient man that evolved from the ape to the modern man the Homo species. The two species, Ancient man and Homo have the same bone structure from the neck on down, but the skull shape and brain capacity are much different. There has not been found any transition species between the two. It is though one species disappeared and the other appeared on earth. These finding support the creation theory as modern man appeared on earth with no link to a past.xiii

Earth a Special Place?

Astronomers have observed that suns we call stars have planets similar to earth circulating around them, that is in the Goldilocks Zone (not to hot not to cold) and about the same size as our earth (not to large not to small) therefore having about the same gravity as earth. They estimate there are approximately four billion planets that could look like earth and therefore could have life on these planets like earth. We cannot see these planets because they do not give off light, but we can observe the decrease in light from the star as the planet passes in front of their sun. If Jesus is visiting these planets like He did earth, this is going to take up a lot of His time.


i “Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo”, Translated by Stillman Drake, Anchor Books, 1957, pp 12-14
ii Ibid p11
iii Ibid p 12
iv Ibid P 286
v Acts 2: TBD
vi Mathew 28:TBD
vii John 14: 26
viii Luke 12:12,
ix Acts 9:11, 6, Acts 8:29,
x Jonathan Aitken, “John Newton” “From Disgrace to Amazing Grace”, Crossway, 2007, pp 289-293
xii Matthew 6:6-8

Romans: The Book That Changed the World or the Book That Derailed the Gospel Jesus Sent Us Ver. 1.0.1

The Philosopher and Church Reformer, Twentieth-First Century


Dear Fellow Christians:

Our Bible Study Group is in the midst of an in-depth study of the book of Romans, written by the Apostle Paul preceding his trip to Rome. Our class leader has stated that the Book of Romans is “the Book the changed the world.” It has, but is it the Gospel Jesus wanted us to have? Our class leader stated that Martin Luther thought that the book of Romans and especially Chapters II & III “were the heart of Paul’s argument for his Gospel.” However, Jesus was all about the empowerment of individuals.

Things to keep in mind about the Apostle Paul

There are some things we should keep in mind about Paul and his Gospel. 1) Paul was very educated in the Jewish religion. 2) Paul did not have firsthand knowledge of the teachings of Jesus. 3) Paul did not have firsthand knowledge of the arrival of the Personal Counselor, a.k.a. the Holy Spirit, that Jesus said he would send to us when he got back home to Heaven. Paul had secondhand knowledge of this event on that day of the Pentecost Festival, receiving his information from disciples that themselves did not understand the significance of the arrival of this Personal Counselor. 4) Paul was a problem solver; his institution of the Lord’s Supper solved a problem in the Corinthian Church. His theology of the salvation of man was a solution to a condition of man – his original sin. 5) Paul’s mission was to put the church of Jesus on the map. He accomplished his mission. 6) Paul’s lack of knowledge of the Personal Counselor and his failure to empower the new converts with this Personal Counselor resulted in Paul micromanaging his churches.

The Teachings of Jesus

From the teachings of Jesus, it should be obvious to any well-trained philosophical investigator that is very well educated in the New Testament teachings, that it was not the church, that Paul created, that Jesus wanted, but then he, like all taskforce leaders, had to accept what his taskforce people could accomplish with their given skill packages. Jesus was given the assignment to establish His church on this planet by His Father in Heaven; no time limit was given for Jesus to accomplish His mission. Jesus was in the position of waiting for someone to come along, like Paul did, to move his church forward in the direction that He wanted it to go.

Teachings of Jesus

There are some teachings of Jesus that His disciples did not understand, nor did any of the Gospel writers, the Apostle Paul, or any of the New Testament writers, nor any religious leader in the past twenty centuries and, to this day, I think there is only one person on this planet that understands these particular teaching of Jesus found in: Mathew 9:16-17, Mark 2:21-22, Luke 5:36-38. “No one sews a patch of unshrunk cloth on an old garment. If he does, the new piece will pull away from the old, making the tear worse, and no one pours new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the wine will burst the skins, and both the wine and the wineskins will be ruined. No, he pours new wine into new wineskins. And no one, after drinking old wine, wants the new, for he says, ‘The old is better’.” Jesus is teaching His disciples about a Paradigm Shift. This is something that only a philosopher, who is also a serious student of the Gospel, is likely to notice.

Peter’s Contribution to Derailing the Gospel

  • Case study:

Peter in Acts: 2:38 connected the reception of the Personal Counselor, a.k.a. the Holy Spirit, to the existing Paradigm, which was the Jewish religion. “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ so that your sins may be forgiven. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” To this day this action has not been challenged by anyone knowledgeable in the teachings of Jesus, and this is probably because they have a problem with Philosophers.

Different Philosophers

Churches seem to have a problem with philosophers and scientist, probably stemming from Paul’s interaction with the Philosophers of Athens in his time and Darwin’s theory of evolution. They seem to be of the opinion that there are two Gods, one created religion and the other created science and they are at odds with each other. This writer’s intent is to show that religion is only science that we do not yet understand and when we do it will be shown to be science. There are several categories of Philosophers: There are Philosophers who have studied Philosopher’s teaching and can quote Philosophers like a serious student of the Bible can quote Book, Chapter, Verse and phrases on demand. Then there are Philosophers who have studied the methodology of Philosophers and learned how to apply this methodology themselves and thus have indeed become a Philosopher in their own right. There are Modern Philosophers and Ancient Philosophers; there are Philosophers that put arguments forward to prove the existence of God and those who argue for the nonexistence of God.

There are two important Philosophers of the 18th and 19th century that have contributed greatly to the field of philosophy. These two Philosophers are Rene` Descartes of France, and Immanuel Kant of Germany. Rene` Descartes was a supporter of his church and country, but he wanted to prove the truth to himself, by himself, leaving no doubt to what the Truth was. He developed a methodology of self-doubt and “Autonomous Reflection.” He had to prove to himself by a step-by-step process, building from the basic known truths to the more complex truths. This new methodology was the beginning of Modern Philosophy and has become the new protocol for Philosophers. This is a new era, “Modern Philosophy,” differentiating it from “Ancient Philosophy” going back several thousand of years. Rene`Descartes then is known as the Father of Modern Philosophy (The Enlightenment Era, The Age of Reason).

This methodology was accepted by other Philosophers, including Immanuel Kant of Germany, who also was an ardent supporter of Christianity and known as the greatest Philosopher since Aristotle, who stated that “We are not yet enlightened, but are becoming enlightened,” which means we are still in the Enlightenment era in this twenty-first century. These Philosophers became known as the “Enlightenment Philosophers,” as they lead us out of the middle ages, where man was instructed how to live, think and act by the authorities of their time, including church leaders, and into the “Enlightenment Age”, where man could determine for himself how to live, think and act. The Truths that these “Enlightenment Philosophers” developed, regarding the “Rights of Man”, influenced Thomas Jefferson to incorporate them into our “Declaration of Independence” from England. They also led to the bloodless revolution in England, the French revolution and probably the Ottoman Empire revolution.i

Definitions of a Paradigm Shift

Jesus gave us His definition of a “Paradigm Shift” when He taught us that “One does not take a piece of cloth from a new garment and sew it on an old torn garment. The new cloth will shrink and the tear will become worse.” “One does not pour new wine into an old wineskin, as the new wine is volatile and will burst the old wineskin and both the new wine and the old wineskin will be lost.” People will always say that ‘the old wine is better than the new’.”

From Wikipedia:The term ‘paradigm shift’ has found uses in other contexts, representing the notion of a major change in a certain thought-pattern — a radical change in personal beliefs, complex systems or organizations, replacing the former way of thinking or organizing with a radically different way of thinking or organizing.”
“Hans Küng applies Thomas Kuhn’s theory of paradigm change to the entire history of Christian thought and theology. He identifies six historical ‘macromodels’: 1) the apocalyptic paradigm of primitive Christianity, 2) the Hellenistic paradigm of the patristic period, 3) the medieval Roman Catholic paradigm, 4) the Protestant (Reformation) paradigm, 5) the modern Enlightenment paradigm, and 6) the emerging ecumenical paradigm.

The Paradigm Shift of Jesus:

Jesus brought us a “New Paradigm Shift” – a complete change from the old Jewish way of thinking, believing and acting. This was a paradigm shift that was not to be associated with the old Jewish way of relating to our Father in Heaven, but a new relationship with our Father in Heaven that had nothing to do with the history of the Jewish Religion, its laws or its traditions. This New Paradigm Shift that Jesus brought us was completely new and not to be associated or linked to the Jewish past. But nobody understood it; not one person did until now in this 21st century. The New Paradigm Shift of Jesus is that we have a loving Father in Heaven who wants to guide us through this life on Earth and provide for all our needs to live on this planet. He wants to participate in all of his children’s lives and he wants us to look to him for His support so that “He can feel good about participating in our lives.” That is the New Paradigm Shift that Jesus brought to us and He provided that support through His Personal Counselor a.k.a. the Holy Spirit.

The Problem of Ego

The only thing that prevents us from receiving this guidance from His Personal Counselor is our Ego. This is not the Ego as Freud described it, as a moderator between the Id and the Super Ego, but for what the Ego has evolved through time. “In modern English, ego has many meanings. It could mean one’s self-esteem; an inflated sense of self-worth; the conscious-thinking self; or in philosophical terms, one’s self. Ego development is known as the development of multiple processes, cognitive function, defenses, and interpersonal skills or to early adolescence when ego processes are emerged.”iii This is our desire to be independent and live, think and act the way we want to without the guidance from His Personal Counselor. “We want to live it our way.” This is what separates us from God (our Father in Heaven) and this is the problem Paul, in his intellectual augments in the “Book of Romans,” attempted to solve in chapters II & III by associating ‘The Problem’ and its solution with the existing Jewish religion.

Yours Truly,

The Philosopher
Church Reformer, 21st Century

Amazing Grace its Birth to National-World Spiritual Anthem Ver. 1.1.0
The Philosopher and Church Reformer Twenty-First Century

Biography of the Author of Amazing Grace:

The biography of Mr. John Newton: John Newton was the only son of a sea captain in Liverpool, England, which was a working class community. John was not treated very kindly by the other boys in his community. This was probably the result of a clash in the social order, noticeable to others because of John’s greater inheritance of innate knowledge from his sea captain father. John’s mother instilled in John the Gospel message until he was six years old, when she died of tuberculosis. John was exceptional in his ability to write fluently at the age of three, and memorized long text his mother gave him to study. At the age of eight, he was sent off to boarding school. At age 10, he finished his formal education and went to sea with his sea captain father. By this time, John exhibited much behavior in being tough. He was mischievous, vulgar and blasphemous (degrading God, in some countries this is a crime punishable by death)

Captain of Slave Ships:

John Newton made four voyages aboard slave ships taking slaves from Africa to the West Indies and America. His first voyages was as the first mate on a slave ship and three more as captain of the ship usually carrying two hundred salves in close sardine can accommodations in the overheated hole of the ship. It was usual for many of the slaves as well some sailors to die on the long six week middle voyage across the Atlantic Ocean to the West Indies. On his final fourth voyage, the competition for slaves had increased with ships from France and America now in the slave business and Captain Newton only had eighty-seven slaves on board across the middle voyage. The full complement of slaves and crew survived this middle voyage across the Atlantic a feat never before accomplished by a slave ship.
Preparing for his next voyage on a new ship that was being constructed for him in Liverpool, John experienced what today might be called a mild stroke. John was in robust physical condition and only twenty-nine years old. His doctors recommended that he retire from Sea Captain as it would be too dangerous for him and his crew with this unknown health condition.
Providence had saved John before when he was the first mate on a slave ship, and his captain made a last minute decision to replace John in command of the longboat headed up a river for supplies and the longboat never returned and all hands had drowned in the river. This captain could not explain his decision to replace Newton, it was an impulse decision. Now Captain Newton’s replacement on this slave ship was murdered by his cargo of slaves. Providence again had appeared to save Newton.

John Newton’s Advancement to Ordination:

Mr. Newton, now with his attention turned back to the Gospel message that his mother had taught him, began a long self-study of God’s Grace. Grounded from being a sea captain and unemployed, he landed a government position in the service of collecting duties from the incoming ships into Liverpool. This position afforded him and his wife a comfortable living in this working class community. John’s religious studies led him to interfacing with the new Methodist, Baptist and independent churches of England. The congregations of these churches were two social steps below his in-laws and his wife. The only church that would keep the peace in his family was the Church of England. Mr. Newton applied for ordination into the Church of England several times over a six-year period, being rejected at every attempt. The Church of England was an elitist society and required its priests to have a degree from Cambridge or Oxford, and John’s formal education ended at the age of 10! John was self-taught in the study of God’s Grace. It was not until a wealthy landowner with political power in the Church of England, Lord Dartmouth, took an interest in Mr. Newton as a potential religious leader that John Newton was ordained into the Church of England and given a Parish in Olney, a working class community..

The Birth of Amazing Grace:

John Newton’s reputation as one of the world’s great preachers flourished in his position of curate in this Olney working class Parish. He began writing hymns to supplement his sermons. For his sermon of January 1, 1773, celebrating a new year and a new beginning, he wrote the song that would become “Amazing Grace.” This was published by Mr. Newton in 1779 in a Hymnal the “Olney Hymns,” with the uninspiring title of “Faith’s Review and Expectations”, and it was #41 in the Olney Hymnal. He had collaborated on this hymnal with William Cowper, who became known as one of England’s great poets, and this song remained in obscurity for 60 years.

The Evolution of Amazing Grace:

Olney Hymns was first published in New York in 1790 and in Philadelphia by the end of the end of the century. The Reformed Dutch Church in North America in 1789 published a general hymnbook that included “Amazing Grace”. In some New England hymnals “Amazing Grace” was featured by the 1830’s. The hymn was becoming popular at revival meeting, where large numbers of people became converted.

The song that John had written for the 1773 New Year became known as “Amazing Grace.” At an unknown time and place. England ignored this song; it first appeared in literature in America, at least the last two verses, in Harriett Beecher Stowe’s book “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” in 1852,

The earth shall be dissolved like snow the sun shall cease to shine, But God who called me here below Shall be forever mine.

And when this mortal life shall fail and flesh and sense shall cease, I shall possess within the veil A of joy and peace.

These two verses are reversed from Newton’s original version, possible due to its being passed down orally from their African-American forefathers on the plantations.

It ironically was being sung by the decedents of the slaves that John Newton had brought to America when he was a captain of a slave ship. It had been handed down by oral tradition and was first published in William Walker’s book “The Southern Harmony” in 1835 where it was linked to the tune of “New Britain” no one knows where this connection came from. The last verse, which begins “When we’ve been there ten thousand years,” had been around orally for half a century in Afro-American worship, was added after the first three verses by Edwin Othello Excell in 1910 in “Coronation Hymns,” and is the accepted 20th century form of “Amazing Grace” where the last two verses of John Newton were dropped.

Amazing Grace Becomes the National Spiritual Anthem:

Aretha Franklin took “Amazing Grace” from Gospel Music to popular music by recording it in 1947. It shifted into political consciousness of Black America when she teamed up with Martin Luther King in the 1960s and put “Amazing Grace” on its way to becoming our official National Spiritual Anthem. Judy Collins took “Amazing Grace” beyond the church walls in 1970 as the final track on “Whales and Nightingales.” Many recordings of “Amazing Grace” were recorded onward after 1970. The bagpipes of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards created the use of “Amazing Grace” as a melancholy lament appropriate for sorrowful occasions, and its use at funerals grew widely as when Judy Collins sang it at the funeral of her son in 1992 and it was sung as part of the memorial mass for John F. Kennedy Jr. in 1999. “Amazing Grace” came to be used frequently at joyful church services, weddings, baptisms, celebrations of anniversaries, and on important public occasions ranging from the opening of baseball games to ceremonies of national mourning, such as the loss of the astronauts on the space shuttle Challenger in 1986, and the 3,000 deaths at Ground Zero in New York after the 9/11 terrorist attacks in 2001, and led by President Barrack Obama at the memorial service of those killed in a church who were attending a Bible Study group in 2015.

In light of its recent history and usage, “Amazing Grace” has been called the “Spiritual National Anthem of America”. This is a description that can be applied even more widely on an international canvas, for the hymn soars above most boundaries as a simple celebration of the experience of grace. It is sung not only by Christians but by Jews, Muslims, Buddhists, Hindus and people of no particular faith. i


  • 1 Jonathan Aitken, “John Newton” “From Disgrace to Amazing Grace” Crossway, 2007

Amazing Grace
Originally by John Newton
Amazing grace! (how sweet the sound) That sav’d a wretch like me! I once was lost, but now am found; was blind, but now I see.

‘Twas grace that taught my heart to fear, And grace my fears reliev’d; How precious did that grace appear, The hour I first believed!

Thro’ many dangers, toils and snares, I have already come; ‘Tis grace has brought me safe thus far, And grace will lead me home.

Added verse by Edwin Othello Excell in 1910

When we’ve been their ten thousand years Bright shining as the sun, We’ve no less days to sing God’s praise, Than when we first begun.

Pyramid of Giving vs. Maslow’s Pyramid of Hierarchy of Needs Ver. 1.0.1

The Philosopher and Church Reformer, Twenty-First Century

At a recent church service, the visiting speaker from the nearby seminary presented an argument of giving. This giving pattern can be and was constructed in a Pyramid of Giving. The Pyramid was based on Paul’s writing to the Corinthian Church in II Corinthians 8:7. At the bottom of the pyramid is “Giving for Needs;” the next step is “Giving as a Discipline;” the next step “Giving Above and Beyond the Call of Duty;” and at the top of the pyramid is “Giving for Adventure.” i These may not be the exact titles given by the speaker, but they follow the thinking of the Apostle Paul in the reference cited.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needsii can also be placed in a similar pyramid. At the bottom of the pyramid are “Food, Clothing and Shelter.” The next level is “Safety and Security,” which refers to personal, financial, health and safety nets (insurance). The next level is “Love and Belonging,” which refers to family, social groups, clubs and even gangs. The next level is “Esteem,” such as self-esteem and self-respect, and being accepted and valued by others. The top level of the pyramid is “Self Actualization” (for one to become the most that they can be). The self-transcendence means that the self only finds its actualization in giving itself to some higher goal outside oneself, in altruism and spirituality. Or as John F. Kennedy stated, “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.”iii This was easier for JFK to say, as he was at the top of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. It may not have been his original thought as this thought is found in history, but he was trying to make a point. “It is better to give than to receive” is a proverb originating with the Apostle Paul.

A similar pyramid of needs that parallels “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs” would be at the bottom level: food, clothing and shelter. The next level is: extra funds for niceties and insurance. And at the next level: conspicuous consumption, which is buying to impress the neighbors. And at the next level: giving consistently to a
worthy cause. The top level is: giving most of your income to a worthy cause as a matter of habit.

These may not be the same labels used by Maslow, but they are chosen to illustrate the connection of the Giving Pyramid to the Needs Pyramid.

The argument of the speaker was that your level of giving will determine your position on “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.” The more you give, the more you receive to give. If you are at the bottom of “Maslow’s Hierarch of Needs” then according to this speaker, give a little, get a little in return. In the technical world this is called “Bootstrapping”. “In general parlance, bootstrapping usually refers to the starting of a self-sustaining process that is supposed to proceed without external input.”iv Not only do your own needs get met, but you are meeting the needs of others who are at the bottom of “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs,” or you are advancing our society with your support.


  • i Dr. Rick Durst, “Generous Living: Credible Disciples #6”, Trinity Church, Livermore, CA 8/9/2015

  • The Original Sin of Man, His Ego, Ver. 1.0.1
    The Philosopher

      The Apostle Paul placed great value on “The Original Sin of Man.”i The Apostle Paul had a couple of problems with his construction of his theory of the Gospel of Jesus. First, Paul did not have firsthand experience or knowledge of the Personal Counselor that Jesus sent us on the day of the Pentecost Festival 50 days after his resurrection and accession into Heaven. He only had secondhand information on this Personal Counselor, and that was from people who themselves did not understand what Jesus had sent us. Second, Paul did not have firsthand knowledge of the parables that Jesus used to teach us important principles about His Gospel.

    Jesus taught us about new and existing paradigms. These were terms not yet coined in His time, but knowing more than the average bear, Jesus new about paradigms. Jesus knew that a “New Paradigm” completely replaces an “Existing Paradigm.” For example, He taught: “One does not take a piece of cloth from a new garment and use it to patch a tear in an old garment. The new cloth will shrink and cause the tear to become worse. One does not put new wine into and old wineskin, the new wine is volatile and will burst the old wineskin and both the new wine and the old wineskin will be lost. People will always say the old is better than the new.”ii Jesus is describing a paradigm shift in terms that he hopes his disciples will understand. On the same day of Pentecost when Jesus’s Personal Counselor arrived in the form of the Holy Spirit with great impact, Peter connected the New Paradigm with the Old Paradigm when he stated: “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ so that your sins may be forgiven. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit (Personal Counselor).”iii Obviously Peter did not understand the teaching about New and Old Paradigms. The New Paradigm is not connected to or a patch on or an addendum to the Existing Paradigm. It is a case of “out with the old and in with the new!”iv

      The Apostle Paul also connected the New Paradigm with the Old Paradigm. Paul was educated in the Old Paradigm, as he was a recognized scholar in Jewish theology. He could not escape his training in the Old Paradigm ways and he connected the Old Jewish religion with the New Gospel that Jesus sent to us.

    Paul did bring up an interesting topic in his letter to the Christians in Rome. He brought up the subject of “The Original Sin of Man.” To understand the Original Sin of Man, one only needs to have a couple of children who were taught to despise their father due to his choice in a church. This father was deprived of providing guidance and direction to his children as they were taught that their father had nothing of value to teach them. This father was deprived of having any communication with his children. Our Father in Heaven is in the same position with his children. He wants to provide for all they need to live their lives on this planet. He wants to be able to offer guidance to his children through His Personal Counselor, a.k.a. the Holy Spirit. But He has children on this planet that want to make their own way through life using their own devices. As Frank Sinatra popularized the saying, “I did it my way.” Going through life using their own devices, man has caused much trouble for himself and others. One needs only to read history and see this in evidence many times over. Was the Original Sin then “The Ego,” as Freud described it?vOr is the Ego what has been redefined and accepted differently in our society? For example: “In modern English, ego has many meanings. It could mean one’s self-esteem, an inflated sense of self-worth, the conscious-thinking self or, in philosophical terms, one’s self. Ego development is known as the development of multiple processes, cognitive function, defenses, and interpersonal skills or to early adolescence when ego processes are emerged.”vi This writer thinks the latter definition of Ego is the one more related to the Original Sin of Man.

      Given that we want to make our own decisions and provide for ourselves without the assistance and guidance of our Father in Heaven, this puts the Ego in first place for Original Sin. I’m sure this saddens our Father in Heaven, seeing his children wanting to live their live without Him being involved in their lives. It only takes a father in a similar situation to understand how our Father in Heaven feels about being ignored by his own children!

    Therefore, the “Original Sin of Man is his Ego,” which must be overcome to have a personal relationship with our Father in Heaven through his Personal Counselor, a.k.a. the Holy Spirit.
    One of the best examples of this process is the life and times of John Newton (/ˈnjuːtən/; 24 July 1725 O.S./4 August N.S. – 21 December 1807), who was an English sailor in the Royal Navy for a period, and later a captain of slave ships. He became ordained as an evangelical Anglican cleric, served Olney, Buckinghamshire for two decades, and also wrote hymns, most notably “Amazing Grace” and “Glorious Things of Thee are Spoken.”

      Newton started his career at sea at a young age, and worked on slave ships in the slave trade for several years, even after having a Christian conversion. Although Newton continued in the slave trade for several years, he later became a prominent supporter of abolitionism, living to see Britain’s abolition of the African slave trade in 1807. vii

    John Newton was the only son of a sea captain; his mother instilled in him the Gospel of Jesus until the age of six, when she died. At age eight, he was sent off to boarding school and at age 10, went to sea on his father’s ship. This was the end of his formal education. He grew up tough, mischievous and blasphemous (degrading God).viii When he was the first mate on a ship retuning to England across the North Sea, his ship was hit with a hurricane force storm. The ship was badly damaged and in danger of sinking. This is when John Newton knelt to his knees and prayed to God for grace. This was the beginning of John’s conversion, which eventually led to him being ordained into the Church of England, despite his not having a college degree from Cambridge or Oxford, a traditional requirement by the Church of England.ix

      It took a strong North Atlantic storm for John Newton to overcome his Ego. There is an old saw: “There are no atheists in foxholes.” Sometimes it takes an incident in one’s life to overcome their Ego.

    There is an old saw: “The greatest distance on earth is the distance between a man’s knee and the ground.” That is the distance that seems a requirement to overcome one’s Ego.


  • i Romans on original sin
    ii Jesus on wineskins
    iii Acts 2: 38
    iv Ibid ii
    vi ibid
    ix Jonathan Aitken, “John Newton, from Disgrace to Amazing Grace”, Crossway pub. 2007

  • The Church that Jesus Wanted ver. 1.0.1
    The Philosopher’s-Church/


    Jesus was assigned the mission of establishing His Church on this planet by His Father in Heaven. Jesus was given a task force of twelve men to accomplish this mission. This made Jesus the Task Force Leader. As a former Task Force leader myself for the Energy and Defense Departments at a National Laboratory in Northern California and with 30 years of experience on various Task Forces to accomplish various missions, I know something of the role of Task Force Leader. The first thing I learned as a Task Force Leader is that I must accept what the members of the Task Force are able to contribute to the mission, with my backing and resources supporting them. Everyone has strengths and weakness that must be accounted for and managed by the Task Force Leader.

      Jesus had this same situation with His Task Force; some had strong leadership personalities that may have been a little slow in getting the point that Jesus was trying to make. Some were encouragers of others, some were more relational than others, some were more action oriented, some were more loyal than others and some were Zealots for the Jews. This was the melting pot of disciples that Jesus had to work with to accomplish his mission, but note there is no deadline for accomplishing this mission. In some cases, what Jesus had to teach them was way above their ability to understand the message Jesus was presenting and Jesus made these lessons as simple as possible with his parables.

    The natural leader of the disciples, after Jesus returned to his home in Heaven, was Peter, who had much difficulty comprehending the teachings of Jesus. Peter loved Jesus and was devoted to protecting God the Father’s reputation. Peter was all about action and getting things accomplished. At one point, Peter accused a husband and wife team of capitalism – of sinning against God by withholding funds they had received from the sale of their land and not giving all of the proceeds from this sale to support the socialist ministry the Apostles had created to take care of widows and the poor. i

      This writer thinks that after seeing Peter in action, Jesus was sitting on his throne, pulling his hair out and looking for a new leader to move his church forward. Peter was dedicated, loyal, willing to step out and take risks for the sake of the Gospel, but a little slow in getting the message of the Gospel.

    And along came Saul – big bad Saul! Who had just the right personality characteristics that Jesus knew could be used to put His Church on the map. Paul was persecuting the followers of
    Jesus, beating them and throwing them in jail all to obtain the approval of the leaders of the Sanhedrin, the ruling religious authority to the Jews. Paul was an approval seeker; he also knew he was right even when he wasn’t. These were the personality characteristic that Jesus knew could put His Church on the map. Jesus called Saul into His service and Saul,ii who became Paul, did just that he put Jesus’s Church on the map. It was not the Church that Jesus wanted, but close enough for now. Remember, there is no deadline for Jesus to establish His Church on this planet.

      What Should the Church of Jesus Look like?

    A recent program, from July of 2015 on PBS Television under the program Quest, recorded the finding of scientists in regard to the learning capabilities of birds. They found that the size of a mammal’s brain is proportional to the mass of the mammal’s body. The data followed a straight line proportional relationship of brain size to body mass. There were a few exceptions: the brain size/body mass of humans was above this linear line as were chimpanzees and Corbett birds. Dogs who exhibit much intelligence were right on the proportional line, but did not exhibit the problem solving abilities of those species above the proportional line.

      A group of black Corbett birds, coming together as a community to learn from each other, was shown, as were juvenile Corbett birds having a two-year relationship with their parents to learn how to make and use tools to gather in hard to reach food. This is the model Jesus had in mind when he set out on His mission to establish His Church on this planet. Community, believers and His followers coming together to learn from each other what His Personal Counselor had been teaching them. The Church was not intended to be a lecture hall where a professional Christian proclaimed what he thought the congregation needed to learn, but each church member learning from each other. In smaller groups, like Bible Study Groups, the leader was not intended to be a university professor lecturing to his students as the most knowledgeable person in the room. But the leader acting as a facilitator to involve discussions among the members so they could learn from each other.

    Church members have a tendency to replicate the public education system in the church. It is not only the church that has gone astray, but the university system as well, for the founder of the university system, Plato, would be appalled to find out that someone can pay an accredited institution a large sum of money and have their knowledge certified. The church also receives these professional Christian teachers to operate in the same way as traditional secular learning institutions operate. The Church of Jesus was meant to be about community – members coming together and sharing their knowledge with others of the community, just like the Corbett birds.

      Making changes of this magnitude can be quite an ordeal for a church. The professional Christian has become obsolete; the church is about voluntary ministers and ministries. Professional Christians become dependent on the congregation for their financial support and, therefore, must “preach to the choir,” or people will vote with their feet and find a different
      church and they will be in financial trouble and mortgage trouble. This means that a church stuck in a rut will stay in a rut, as moving out of that rut means moving the whole church in an agreed upon fashion. Therefore, although it looked like a good idea to Paul to have professional Christians in the church, it turned out to be a bad idea, and in some denominations, a complete disaster as they are so far off track, led by their professional Christians, that they have not a chance of recovery. iii

      i Acts 5:1-11
      ii Acts 9:1-19
      iii My Mother

    Autonomous Reflection: The Most Powerful Force on the Planet ver. 1.0.1
    The Philosopher

    Introduction: Autonomous Reflection History:

    Autonomous Reflection has been around at least since the days of Socrates, when he challenged his society’s morals and ethics. He was rewarded by imprisonment, where he refused a planned escape plan by his friends involving the usual custom of bribery of prison officials. He would only accept release from the people that had put him in prison. He was eventually offered a cup of hemlock by those who put him in prison and represented the corruption in this society.i

    When The Savior (Jesus) started his mission on this planet, He went off to the desert for a long time measured in days (figuratively 40 days) to be alone and in a place where he could hear Himself think and reflect on His mission (Autonomous Reflection). He also distanced Himself from distractions and went to a quiet place like the Garden of Olives to Reflect Autonomously.ii

    Saul, who was called by the Savior to take his Gospel to the Gentiles and the Jews, also went into the desert to Reflect Autonomously. Saul took the name of Paul during this process. On attempting to bring the Gospel to his fellow Jews, the Jewish Zealots and Jewish leaders attempted to kill Paul and he was put under protective custody by the Romans for about two years. This gave Paul plenty of time for Reflection Autonomously. iii Paul also was a tent maker, operating a sewing awl, which, as anyone who has used a sewing awl on sails or canvas can attest to, gave him plenty of opportunity for Autonomous Reflection. It was only after Paul convinced his new converts in his newly established churches to support him and his mission did Paul find time to micromanage his new churches and he had less time for Autonomous Refection. iv

    Late in the 17th century, Rene` Descartes, a French Philosopher and Christian, rediscovered the process of Autonomous Reflection. His use of this method of thinking was to determine truth autonomously, as opposed to being instructed of the truth by the religious and civil authorities (which were probably the same persons). Using this method, Descartes doubted everything until he could prove it to himself beyond any doubt.v

    This process of determining truth autonomously was taken up by other philosophers who became known as the Enlightenment Philosophers. Immanuel Kant, a German Philosopher, stated that “If it is now asked, “Do we presently live in an enlightened age?” the answer is, “No, but we do live in an age of enlightenment.” As matters now stand, a great deal is still lacking in order for men as a whole to be, or even to put themselves into a position to be able without external guidance to apply understanding confidently to religious issues. But we do have clear indications that the way is now being opened for men to proceed freely in this direction and that the obstacles to general enlightenment–to their release from their self-imposed immaturity–are gradually diminishing. In this regard, this age is the age of
    enlightenment, the century of Frederick”.vi Therefore, the beginning of the Enlightenment Period started late in the 17th century and continues to this day in the 21st century, as we are still being enlightened.

    Thomas Jefferson was influenced by these Enlightenment Philosophers and was inspired to write The Declaration of Independence, and was assigned to this task by John Adams who thought that Jefferson was a much better writer than himself. Adams saw his skills as a lawyer to be oratory in nature.vii
    The Enlightenment Philosophers in Great Britain: John Locke and David Hume were responsible for leading the bloodless revelation in England.viii The Enlightenment Philosophers in France, Rene` Descartes, the metaphysician Baron Henri d’Holbach, the political philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, ant the political reformer-writer Voltaire, were responsible for leading the French Revolution.ix A less notable revolution was in the Ottoman Empire, which underwent a revolution similar to the French Revolution the Sultan abdicated to a self-governing empire.x

    An interesting sidebar was that, in a documentary made in Palestine in 1913 before WWI, Arabs, Muslims, Christians and Jews were living in harmony in Palestine under the Ottoman Empire. It was the Russian Jews, who were being forced out of Russia and coming to Palestine, that upset the established balance in Palestine. In addition, farming in Palestine was a lot different than farming in Russia and the new immigrant Jews became a burden on this society.

    In the 20th and early 21st century, Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) have been known to build rooms that were acoustically isolated from their office environment in which to put into use the methodology of Autonomous Reflection to lead their organizations. In the USA, our legislature had constructed Camp David as a place where our President could go and find solitude to put into use the methodology of Autonomous Reflection. This is in much contrast to Martha’s Vineyard, where Presidents can spend more interesting vacation time with their families, but may have difficulty finding a place where they can hear themselves think.xi Researchers put this methodology to push the extents of the envelope, to develop new methods, products, procedures and solve difficult problems.

    To date no woman has presented herself as an Enlightenment Philosopher. This could be because a woman does not think she has this ability, or society does not think she has this ability or she does not have this ability. Women are well known for their women’s intuition, which men seem not to possess, so it may well be reasonable to conclude that women do not have the ability to put into use the methodology of Autonomous Reflection.

    The Future of Autonomous Reflection

    Autonomous Reflection is becoming an extinct skill. In this 21st century, it is becoming more difficult to create the environment where one can hear themselves think. Mind noise and distractions are everywhere: television, radio, MP3 players, Walkmans, stereos, car radios, CD players, tape decks – we are constantly bombarded with mind noise. And then there are all the events that we need to attend and watch, like our national sports: baseball, basketball, football, auto-racing, soccer, hockey, cricket, softball, golf, bowling, dancing, as well as bar hopping, church services, political rallies, concerts, opera, symphony performances. And all of these must take place outside normal business hours. If Autonomous Reflection is to survive – and our society may well be at risk – we need to provide time and place for this activity. It may well be expected that one putting this Autonomous Reflection methodology into use could fall asleep in the process of pushing the extents of the envelope. This consequence needs to be accepted by our society.

    Autonomous Reflection trumps written documents, even when given the authority of being the written word of God, Mohammad, Buda, Confucius or any other authority. Jesus did not write anything down; he knew the game plan was that He would send us His Personal Counselor to “Teach us all that we needed to know.” We just need to connect with His Personal Counselor through Autonomous Reflection. As Jesus instructed us to go into a closet and tell our Father in Heaven what is on our hearts and mind.xii

    A College Scholarship Program to Train Students “Autonomous Reflection”

    My partner and I have operated a College Scholarship Fund for 20 years. We have recently reformatted the program to emphasize the use of Autonomous Reflection. We have talent scouts in various forms looking for college or ongoing college students that show great interest and talent in presenting the Gospel and have an avid interest in advancing our knowledge of the Gospel of Jesus. This is not free money; this is an investment in their future performance.

    While in college they are expected to conduct research into the Gospel of Jesus with a group or individually using the books of Mark, Luke, and Acts of the Apostles only. They are to read one chapter a week and write up an individual report to the study group or to an editor/publisher and present their interpretation of the information they have covered in this study of these books. They are to use only facts that can be determined to be stand-alone facts recorded for no other purpose than to record the events that took place. They are not to use anyone’s interpretation of the facts, any facts used to make an argument as to the truth of the facts or any interpretation of the facts. They should use “Just the facts ma’am, just the facts,” as Joe Friday on Dragnet had stated it and our courts which do not allow “Hearsay Evidence” to be heard in court. It has been documented by researchers like C. G. Jung, and from the insights of the founding fathers of the USA, that there is an increased ability to use this methodology of Autonomous Reflection after the age of 35 years of age. The founding fathers stipulated that no person could be President until obtaining the age of 35 years of age. Therefore, we ask the students recipients of these college funds to agree to apply this skill of Autonomous Reflection to advancing our knowledge of the Gospel of Jesus after attaining the age of 35 years of age.

    We support this college scholarship fund by putting up for silent auction fine hand-built guitars that are acoustically optimized to produce efficient simple harmonic motion (sound) using methods similar to “Free Plate Tuning,” but in greater precision and understanding of the physics than Stradivarius when he used sawdust on his violin plates and induced a vibration on those plates with a string and a bow as a feedback mechanism to guide the carving of these plates. Once he had produced a mode pattern that was formed by the sawdust appearing on the plates, he knew he had that consistent superior sound that his violins produced. I use the same methodology using Chladni Mode patterns generated by sawdust with the plates driven by a signal generator and speaker as the feedback mechanism to “Free-Plate” tune the plates to produce efficient simple harmonic motion. A description of the guitars up for auction, their starting bid and deadlines for bid, as well as our methodology for producing these exceptional acoustic guitars and the college scholarship program can be found on my website
    A coalition could be formed to purchase one of these acoustic guitars for a church or other organization so that members of these organizations could play on of these “Best Sounding Guitars on the Planet.” Stradivarius violins now sell for over two million USD. The same economic “supply and demand” valuation can be expected from these guitars once the supply has been reduced to zero, due to the maker returning home to that place beyond sky or on the other side of the speed of light.xiii

    i Robert C. Solomon, Introducing Philosophy, Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, pub. 1889, pp 1-11
    ii Mark 1:12-13, 1: 35, 6: 46, 14:35-36, 14: 39
    iii Galatians 1:16-17, Acts: 18: 3 , 24:27, 26:32, 28: 30
    iv 1 Corinthians 9: 1-27, 2 Corinthians 11: 7-12
    v Robert C. Solomon, Introducing Philosophy, Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, pub. 1889, pp 18-19
    vii Thomas Jefferson and the Declaration of Independence
    viii Robert C. Solomon, Introducing Philosophy, Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, pub. 1889, p 39
    ix ibid
    x[The Ottoman Empire in 1913 PBS Documentary TBD
    xii Mathew 6: 6

    The Lord’s Supper ver. 1.0.1
    The Philosopher’s-supper/

      The Establishment of the Lord’s Supper

    The Lord’s Supper had its beginning as the Last Supper that Jesus had with his disciples in the upper room of a house celebrating the Passover. The Passover is what finally released the Israelites form the Egyptian Pharaoh and Moses led them into the desert. When lamb’s blood was applied to the door way, the Death Angel would bypass that house. From all the unmarked homes, the firstborn male was taken into death.i

      Sidebar on the Exodus

    As a sidebar, Moses took the Israelites across the Red Sea on dry ground, as God had divided a pathway for them to cross the watery expanse. The Egyptian Army chased after them through this watery pathway. When all the Israelites were safely across the Red Sea, the pathway was closed and the Egyptian Army was consumed by the water.ii Twentieth century archeologists searching the Red Sea at this crossing point have found the remains of chariots, swords, shields and even bones along this crossing of the Red Sea.iii

      The Last Supper of Jesus

    At this Last Supper with his Twelve Disciples, Jesus took some bread and said, “Take this; this is my body.” He then took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, and they all drank from it. “This is my blood of the new covenant which is poured out for many ….I tell you the truth, I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it anew in the kingdom of God.” iv v vi vii

      The Conversion of Saul

    Saul, who was pursuing the followers of Jesus, was approached by Jesus himself on the road to Damascus where he was going to arrest Jesus’s followers. Saul was giving a new mission by Jesus to take His Gospel to the Gentiles (Non-Jews) and establish Jesus’s church.viii ix Saul changed his name to Paul and became known as the Apostle Paul because of his interaction with Jesus.

      Paul Establishing Churches around the Mediterranean Sea

    Paul went on three missionary journeys around the Mediterranean Sea and established churches along the way. At his church in Corinth, Greece, when the new converts got together, they brought food for the occasion and ate dinner together. Paul noticed that some had a lot to eat and drink and others did not have anything to eat or drink. He then instructed them to come together in reembrace of Jesus, the
    founder of this church, and to eat dinner at home before coming to this meeting. They were than instructed to “drink the wine in remembrance of Jesus” and they were instructed to “eat this bread in remembrance of Jesus.” x

      The Lord’s Supper: A Solution to “A Problem” in the New Church

    The Lord’s Supper was instituted to solve a problem in the new church. Converts to followers of Jesus came from all social classes. The wealthy and the homeless were all at the same dining table. The wealthy had lots of food to eat and the homeless had none. Sharing their food did not seem to be in the capability of the wealthy; perhaps they only brought enough food and drink for themselves. The church potluck had not yet been established, so sharing of food was not, evidently, a common practice of this place and time period. This “Lord’s Supper” solution to the non-sharing of food became a pillar of the church and is practiced in almost all of the modern-day churches in different ways.

      What did Jesus have in His mind when He gave Instructions to His Disciples?

    Was the Lord’s Supper what Jesus had in mind when he said, “Drink this wine in remembrance of me” and “Eat this bread in remembrance of me”? Or did He mean that whenever we drink the wine and eat the bread we should do so in remembrance of Him? Some churches have established the tradition of having their members give thanks for “this food and drink” before each and every meal. Is this what Jesus had in mind when he instructed his disciples to drink and eat in remembrance of Him?

      Each Follower of Jesus Must Decide for Himself

    This writer thinks each of us followers of Jesus must decide this issue for ourselves, as there is no shortage of the followers of Jesus that “knows he’s right, even when he isn’t.”xi This was one of the personality characteristics that got Paul this assignment of establishing Jesus’s Church to the Gentiles. Jesus recognized this attribute of Saul and used this strong personality to perform this task for Him. Paul was also an approval seekerxii, first seeking the approval of the Jewish establishment by persecuting the followers of Jesus and then seeking Jesus’s approval on his establishing His Church. Paul was a controller; he was going to be in charge.xiii Paul put his own spin on the Lord’s Supper; adding that “each person needs drink and eat the bread in a worth manner or be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. A man needs to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup….or bring judgement on himself….When we are judged by the Lord, we are being disciplined so that we will not be condemned with the world”.xiv

      Each follower of Jesus must decide for himself the meaning of the Last Supper.


    • i Exodus 12
      ii Exodus 14
      iv Mark 14: 12-25
      v Matthew 26:26-29
      vi Luke 22: 15-20
      vii I Corinthians 11: 24-25
      viii Acts 9:1-19
      ix ibid
      x I Corinthians 11: 17-34
      xi Dr. Leman, The First born Advantage, Pub. Revell, 2008, P 69
      xii Ibid, p 69, 71
      xiii Ibid, p 219
      xiv I Corinthians 11:27-32

    Tenure, Freedom of Speech and Press in the Church? Ver. 1.2.1
    The Philosopher

    Tenure in the College University System:

    Tenure in the college university system was originally intended to give university professors a license to do research to advance their knowledge of a chosen subject that might be contrary to accepted thinking. The professors could not be terminated for writing or voicing the results of their research even if their conclusions were contrary to college and university policy.
    “Academic tenure’s original purpose was to guarantee the right to academic freedom: [1] it protects teachers and researchers when they dissent from prevailing opinion, openly disagree with authorities of any sort, or spend time on unfashionable topics. Thus academic tenure is similar to the lifetime tenure that protects some judges from external pressure. [2] Without job security, the scholarly community as a whole may experience pressure to favor noncontroversial lines of academic inquiry. The intent of tenure is to allow original ideas to be more likely to arise, by giving scholars the intellectual autonomy to investigate the problems and solutions as they see fit and to report their honest conclusions. [3] However, it has also become a type of job security for professors.”i

    Tenure in the Church:

    Should there be tenure in the Church, for not only the leaders or compensated professionals in the church, but for investigative members of a church body as well? This is unheard of in any church to my knowledge, but it certainly looks to be needed in our churches. There are four cases in point of this argument of tenure in the Church:

    [1] My first experience was with a Monsignor in a Catholic Church – the same Monsignor that baptized my son into the church when he was born. I met him a decade later at a Bible Study where he was teaching about Jesus. He had been excommunicated from the Catholic Church for his teaching on this subject when he was the Monsignor at this local church. He said to me, “Be careful who teaches you this Bible, for there are many misinterpretations of it being taught out there.” After 30 years of research myself, I see he was absolutely correct in his summation of the misinterpretations of the teachings of the Bible.

    [2] I taught a Bible Study group and a Sunday school class for 17 years. I acted as a distributor of the information the church convention organization put together for us, and we held weekly
    teachers’ meetings to put our lesson plans together for the upcoming Sunday. One Easter Sunday, I felt I could no longer teach the lesson plan provided by the church convention organization, for this Easter Sunday and I assembled my own lesson plan entitled, “Believing without Seeing.” The message of the lesson was that, “One of the reasons Jesus died on that cross was so we would believe what he had taught us while he was alive.” This line of teaching was not well accepted by this church and my teaching credentials were reduced to “Substitute Teacher Only.”

    [3] We were already in the process of moving to a church in our new neighborhood, so we completed the move at this time. The Sunday school lesson plan that I had developed set me on a new path. I incubated on this subject for the next 15 years. An opportunity arose at our new church home to advance my knowledge on this subject with an in-depth study, of the book of Acts of the Apostles, which was being offered at this church. I presented a proposal to the two church leaders that I wanted to perform an in-depth research project on the Book of Acts by participating in this project the church was providing and that I wanted to perform the research according to scientific protocols. They stated they “didn’t want any science around here” and instead referred me to an adult Bible Study class that miraculously was just starting a study of the Book of Acts of the Apostles. I soon learned that I was in this class to listen and my insights to this information were not welcome in this class room setting. I started to record my insights from this in-depth study of the Book of Acts of the Apostles on this blog: . When we finished the Book of Acts, which took approximately 28 weeks, I published my conclusions on this website as “The Fast Track to: The Gospel of Jesus Christ (The Good News of Jesus Christ)” on February 17, 2013. The class moved on to an in-depth study of the books of I and II Corinthians. At the conclusion of this in-depth study, which took about 29 weeks, I published my insights and conclusions to this study as “The Evolution of the Christian Church,” Part I, Ver. 1.0.1, on June 27, 2014 and “The Evolution of the Christian Church” Part II on December 27, 2014, along with other posts to this blog at: This blog that I was writing came to the attention of the leaders of the Church, Church Elders and the Class Leader. They sent an envoy to my home to interview me and decided that I was writing information the church did not believe in nor could they support or even look like the church supported this information. Restrictions were placed on me as to whom and where I could talk to people about this blog.

    On July 2, 2014, I received my letter of dismissal from this church body, a church where I had been a member in good standing for almost 20 years. I was released from my commitment to be under the authority of the Church Elders that I had made 18 years earlier. I have framed this notice of dismissal and have it hanging on my wall as a badge of honor.

    I was quite relived to be released from the authority of the Church Elders. When the Church Elders were actually my seniors and knew more than I did about this Gospel, this was a good idea. But when the Church Elders aged out and became my juniors and thought they knew more about this Gospel than I did, it was a relief not having to be judged by those who knew less than I did about the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Since I am restricted from participating in this church’s activities, I miss some of my old friends, but I guess that is the result of lack of tenure in the Christian Church to not only its compensated staff, but to its members as well. There was a good reason to give seasoned professors in colleges and university tenure – to protect them from a younger generation that had achieved authority in the organization and were contrary with the information the seasoned professors were promoting.

    [4] Look back about 400 years to the time of Galileo, the astronomer who improved upon the invention of the telescope and proved, by his observations and collected data, the theory of the Copernicus system of planetary motion that the Earth rotated about the Sun. This conclusion was contrary to acceptable interpretations of the Holy Scriptures of the time and in June of 1633, Galileo was summoned to Rome, tried by the Inquisition, condemned to perpetual arrest, forced to abjure, and forbidden ever to publish anything further.ii

    These events should make it clear to anyone that tenure is needed in the Christian Church to everyone, members in good standing included.

    Freedom of Speech and The Press in the Church:

    As an alternative to Tenure in the Church, Churches, Congress or the Supreme Court could act to make the Freedom of Speech part of the First Amendment to the Constitution applicable to churches. “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”iii If Congress or the Supreme Court were to address this issue, they would most likely address Freedom of Speech and Press in all non-profit tax-exempt organizations and would probably result in “excessive entanglement between government and religion” under the “Lemon test and therefore would not be heard by the court.”iv The Lemon Test: In Lemon, the Court stated that that the separation of church and state could never be absolute. “Our prior holdings do not call for total separation between church and state; total separation is not possible in an absolute sense. Some relationship between government and religious organizations is inevitable,” the Court wrote. “Judicial caveats against entanglement must recognize that the line of separation, far from being a wall, is a blurred, indistinct, and variable barrier depending on all the circumstances of a particular relationship.”v

    Accommodationists, in contrast, argue along with Justice William O. Douglas that “we are a religious people whose institutions presuppose a Supreme Being.” This group holds that the Lemon test should be applied selectively. As such, for many conservatives, the Establishment Clause solely prevents the establishment of a state church, not public acknowledgements of God or “developing policies that encourage general religious beliefs that do not favor a particular sect and are consistent with the secular government’s goals.”vi

    Progress or Extinction:

    It would be better if each church addressed the Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Press issues church by church. The Christian Church as a whole needs to see the advantage of these freedoms in the church. Just as there is strong opinion that the USA cannot progress without these freedoms, neither can the Christian Church progress without these freedoms. In this way the churches that want to progress—can and those who want to stay in the same rut they are in and achieving the same results as they have been—can. Some churches will progress and others will disappear. People vote with their feet.


    Now is the Time for All Good Churches to Come to the Aid of Their Country Ver. 1.2.2

    The Philosopher

    The USA Needs the Help of All Our Churches:

    On September 11, 2001, the USA became involved in a religious war. Like it or not, the enemy is very religions and considerers the USA and its citizens to be infidels and thus worthy of death by any means possible. The USA’s Commander in Chief insists that we are not at war with any equitable religion, but the USA is not in a position to determine what religions are equitable and which are not. As Carl G. Jung noted, “We are surely making a great mistake when we forget this simple yet fundamental truth. If a neurosis should have no other cause at all than imagination, it would, none the less, be a very real thing. If a man imagined that I was his arch-enemy and killed me, I should be dead on account of mere imagination.”i

    Separation of Church and State:

    There is a long-standing tradition in the USA separating religion and state. The state’s solution to this new crisis is air raids and drone strikes and now, talks about American boots on the ground. In the beginning of this crisis with religion, I thought the churches could be involved with the presentation of the Gospel. But I have reached the conclusion that fighting religion with religion is only going to lead to an argument and not a solution. In addition, there is too much disparity between belief systems in USA churches to be effective at coming to the aid of our country. The churches of the USA would need a major overhaul to even make a small dent in this crisis.

    The Gospel more Science than Religion:

    This Philosopher has investigated the Scriptures and the Gospel and has reached the conclusion that the Gospel of Jesus is more science than religion. The major elements of tradition in the USA churches are the worship of Jesus, Baptism, the Lord’s Supper and prayer. The first two of these traditions were not on Jesus’s agenda; they are the makings of his followers. The Lord’s Supper was made into a tradition by the Apostle Paul as a solution to a problem with sharing food at the meetings of the converts in his churches.ii The Apostle Paul did not have firsthand experience with the deliverance of the Holy Spirit, a.k.a. the Personal Counselor, thus he only had secondhand knowledge of this event from the other Apostles and Jesus’s followers, who didn’t have a clear understanding of the enormity of what Jesus had sent to us on that day of the Pentecost Festival and ended up micromanaging his churches.iii The main focus of Jesus’s teaching while on Earth centered on prayer and communicating with our Father in Heaven.

    Jesus, while on Earth, said that he would send us a Personal Counseloriv. On reaching his home in Heaven, He sent us his Personal Counselor into the world.v He told us The Counselor would teach us all that we needed to On examination of these teachings and events, it becomes clear that the Gospel that Jesus sent into the world was more about science than religion. In fact, it looks more like Mind Science, something of which we in this twenty-first century know very little. Therefore, the churches of the USA can come to the aid of their country – not with the existing paradigm of our understanding of the Gospel of Jesus, but with a new understanding of His Gospel and we approach the new Gospel of Jesus from a science base rather than a religious base. Just as many religious beliefs of the past have been shown to be science and not religion, so can the Gospel of Jesus be shown to be science and not religious. As Jesus told us, “One does not take a piece of cloth from a new garment and sew it on an old garment, nor does one put new wine into an old wineskin for both the old cloth and the old wineskin and new wine, will be lost. Those who have drunk the old wine will say that the old wine is better than the new.” Jesus is teaching an ancient audience about new and existing paradigms. The word “paradigm” had not yet been coined, but this is what Jesus was teaching us. The existing paradigm must be entirely replaced by the new paradigm.

    With a science based Gospel, there is a good chance that the churches of the USA could be efficient and effective in defeating what we know to be unequitable religions. Unequitable religions that think the USA and its citizens are infidels that need to be exterminated.

    Winning Over the Unequitable Religions:

    We cannot win over these unequitable religions with air strikes and USA boots on the ground. The focus must be on the driving force behind this aggression. The USA needs to remember its past, particularly the War in Vietnam. The USA had the opinion that if the USA was in the fight we were going to win. It did not occur to these Commanders in Chiefs that we were fighting against an enemy that wanted to regain possession of its country. We are in a similar situation in the Middle East; ISIS and ISIL were displaced from their country by the actions of the USA and they want their country back. The USA cannot defeat an enemy when they are fighting to regain their home. The USA had a big hand in the development of these new crises. With more air strikes and, with USA boots on the ground, it can only get worse for the USA. This is Vietnam all over again.

    Peace Proposal:

    A proposal has been made to the presidents of the USA, Syria and the Prime Minister of Iraq, to negotiate a peace settlement with ISIS and ISIL with the formation of four new countries to be carved out of Iraq and Syria. The four nations would be Kurds in the north, Sunni and Shiite nations in Iraq and a new Syria carved from existing Syria for displaced Syrians. Once peace is attained in the Middle East, the Christian Churches of the USA would act to resolve the differences in these religions, by presenting the Gospel of Jesus from a scientific perspective, a non-religious perspective, not to glorify Jesus, but to present the Gospel that Jesus wanted for the world, to connect to his Personal Counselor and let the Personal Counselor guide those who have made this connection. This is the only responsibility of the Christian Churches of the USA.

    The churches of the USA can come to the aid of their country if they can make the necessary change from a religious Gospel to the Gospel that Jesus wanted us to have. The universe is a whole lot bigger than Earth and its solar system and Jesus is the manager of all of it. In the days that Jesus delivered His Gospel, the knowledgeable world was smaller than the Earth. But in this twenty-first century, thanks to the Hubble Telescopevii and Kepler Telescopeviii, we now know the universe and the territory of Jesus is larger than anyone can imagine. Therefore, as the Olympic cry puts it, “Let’s go for the gold” and let the churches of the USA make a difference in this small part of Jesus’s territory called Earth.

    The Mission of the Christian Churches of the USA:

    Our objective must be to connect each and every soul on this planet with the Personal Counselor that Jesus sent to us. We are not here to glorify Jesus as the Lord of this planet but to connect people to him through His Personal Counselor. Jesus taught us to go into our closet and talk to our Father in Heaven.ix In today’s language this is known as “Autonomous Reflection.”x We must teach them this skill of communicating with the Personal Counselor, a.k.a. The Holy Spirit, as the guidance of the Personal Counselor has authority and priority over any written works that has been attributed, by man, as “The Word of God” or the Word of Muhammad or Buddha, Confucius etc. Our focus must be on the Personal Counselor that Jesus sent to us. To quote General George Patton “We are moving forward, either help or get out of the way”.

      This mission probably would best be carried out by members of the Deacons or Elders of a church. The Professional Christians may have a conflict of interest and too much knowledge on this subject.


      i C. G. Jung, “Psychology & Religion” Pub. New Haven and London Yale University Press, P 11
      ii I Corinthians 11: 20-26
      iii Acts 2:1-12 , I Corinthians 14: 1-25
      iv Acts 1: 4-5
      v John 14: 26, Acts 2: 1-12
      vi Ibid v
      ix Matthew 6: 6-7
      x Robert C. Solomon, “Introducing Philosophy” fourth ed. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Pub. 1977, pp 16-17
      “A French philosopher of the seventeenth century, Ren`e Descartes was one of the founders of the Enlightenment, and he is generally recognized as the father of modern philosophy. Descartes believed that each of us was capable of ascertaining what beliefs were true in the solitude of his own thinking. He insisted that he would accept as true only those ideas that were demonstrably true to him. Descartes insisted upon “clear and distinct ideas” and arguments based upon “the light of reason.” The modern philosophy of individual autonomy begins with Descartes. From Descartes on, the ultimate authority was to be found in our own thinking and experience, nowhere else.
      His method is both easy to follow and very much in accord with our own independent temperaments. Descartes used his philosophy to cut through the clouds of prejudice and unreliable opinions. He was concerned with their truth, no matter how many people already believed them, and no matter how few. Descartes’s arguments were his tools for finding this truth and distinguishing it from falsehood and mere opinion.“